Yoruba is a term that identifies all the African tribes who spoke the same language, shared culture and enslaved in America entered a violent and involuntary. The hunting of slaves held indiscriminately, so those upon arrival to the Americas were mixed members of different versions of Yoruba beliefs and pataki (legends) of the orishas (gods).
Among the many ethnic groups that were introduced in Cuba were then called Carabalies (because it came from the Calabar area) of southeastern Nigeria. Also slaves came from regions ranging from the Ivory Coast, the Gold Coast and so-called Slave Coast. Many slaves came from the huge Congo Basin, and although they were, mondongo, gangüela, mukalla, bisongo, agunga, cabinda, motembo y mayombe, all were simply called “Congo”. South of that area came the angola. From the coast of Senegal to Liberia, came the mani, kono, bámbara and mandingo. Of French Guinea, the yola, fulani, kissi, berberí y hausa. The African slaves were able to maintain their religious spiritual tradition through an ingenious and creative a great display merited further study and analytical skills: syncretism.
Santeria, a term derived from the word “saint” comes from the natural syncretism of practice that blacks, as an expression of survival, they agreed to the gods of the whites respect with logical thinking “must be very powerful when the masters have them and us slaves.” Assimilating new divinities were more spiritual protection, the orisha was the holy catholic and roman catholic saint was the orisha. Thinking about the similarities between them, the worshipers of the African, way but with christian names; thus preserving the essence of the original deities.
San Lazaro is in santeria Babalu Aye, a couple very beloved saint (his name means “father of the world”); protects against diseases such as venereal disease. St. Francis of Assisi is Orula also major holy, who embodies the wisdom and the ability to influence the fate. Cuba’s patron saint, La Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre, is syncretized with Oshun, the lady of love, femininity and the river, the symbol of female sexuality.
Oshun the Orisha of love, care and protect a woman’s reproductive organs and has a key presence at the moment of fertilization. It’s a beautiful mulatto and sympathetic, coquettish, beautiful, loving, obedient and industrious, is also a very sensual deity, very musical and very good dancer. She is the goddess of sexual love. It is capable of resolving both as to provoke fights between orishas and men. It may appear sewing or other household management, or as accomplished prostitute whose mission is to snatch the men to all women, then do not scrimp on resources such as lap dances and rhythms of hip.
Legend has it that around 1620, two Indians Juan de Hoyos and Juan Moreno and a black Creole named Rodrigo, went to fetch salt Nipe Bay. Being in the sea in a canoe, they saw an image carved in wood of the Virgin Mary hovering over a table. He wore on his left arm the Christ child and the right a gold cross on the table was an inscription that said: “I am the Virgin of Charity”. The collected and taken to Varajagua herd, where the administrator of a copper mine builds a chapel. On May 10, 1916 Benedict XV declared Patroness of Cuba.